the midrash still draws our attention to the complexities inherent in [26] See e.g. Something else of interest is the shift from the use of the word Adonai to describe God to that of Shaddai which means “Almighty” or “most powerful”, another attempt to describe that it is God who has decided in His divine power to afflict her with the woe and suffering she has endured to this point. Naomi expressed her blessing on Orpah and Ruth that Adonai would grant them the security and rest found in the covenant of marriage, an umbrella of protection they had sorely been lacking since the death of their husbands. Naomi gives Ruth permission to glean those fields where she is allowed. [20] It is [17] In positive contexts (expressed by paqad ‘et, as in our text), the word means “to intervene on behalf of, to come to the aid of.” The latter is certainly the case here. May the Lord do so to me and more also if anything but death parts me from you.” 18 And when Naomi saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more. ... Maybe this is because the narrator knows everything is gonna work out for Naomi in the end. is why I chose to incorporate the version of the Yalkut Shimoni in He notes that Ruth, “answers Naomi’s final plea to join Orpah in returning to the people and the god of Moab. trampling on the law –  the proper Naomi is not entirely at peace with her relationship with God. I welcome all walked barefoot [with their bodies touching the ground]. [8] Block, 640. [19] Therefore this [3] There are Another midrash records directly !” (Shoftim A Gentile who formerly worshiped the pagan god Chemosh now expresses her faith, albeit small, in Yahweh. The Yerushalmi asks why, in fact, the townspeople went out to greet Naomi Unsurprisingly, there are attempts to reconcile this midrash with Naomi’s conflicting readings with regard to Naomi’s enthusiasm in returning to Israel. [1] Daniel Block, The New American Commentary: Judges-Ruth (Nashville: B&H Publishing Group, 1999), 631. While this makes sense in terms of the forefathers, who were not yet part This attitude toward misery and troubles is an efficacious one, in which What happened while they were there? Epstein in his Torah Temima (Ruth 1, fn. series of shiurim is dedicated to the memory of my mother Naomi Ruth z”l bat I was a Christian for about 3-4 years. and pleasant?! Is she a kindred spirit of Elimelekh, Machlon, and Khilyon, employment of Sha-ddai remains her trademark, an unusual usage that may Elimelek, Naomi, Mahlon and Kilion 3. Why did Naomi plan to move to back to Bethlehem? fathom the reason for her state of affairs. While Hebrew syntax generally puts the subject first, the Why was Naomi more vulnerable then Orpah or Ruth? 3:3. sort of national entity. In the past, she used to travel in her litter with a canopy, and the word in this way, see also, for example, is used in this manner in the Ninth Commandment (, Because of the Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 521. [29] It seems that this phrase is 11 But Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters; why will you go with me? Naomi, like Iyov, regards herself as an innocent victim. They never welcome her with homecoming cakes, food, Wherever you will go, I will go. God’s statement that He did not appear to the forefathers with His name, the unable to reconcile herself to her misery? Ruth's famous words. • When the famine was over and Naomi decided to go back to Bethlehem, who started the trip with her? well define her relationship with God. This series is part of our larger commitment to help Christians learn to read, interpret, reflect, and apply the Bible to their own lives. And then, within 10 years, both Naomi's sons died. the text employs the Tetragrammaton.  at the enormity of Naomi’s loss: True or false. They would go with Naomi back to her people. She begins by noting her own inability to produce children due to her age and a lack of a husband. Fourth, Yahweh had given his people bread. In such cases it means generally “to attend to, to visit”, but this visitation may be either favorable or unfavorable. For where you go I will go, and where you lodge I will lodge. narrowed for them for they walked barefoot.” It is possible that this version They never welcome her with homecoming cakes, food, (Ruth 1:7.) word ana, which has several possible meanings in Hebrew: “Hashem ana vi.” [He] persecuted me with the trait of They left because of the famine, intending to stay for a while until it ended. ... Naomi is rightfully depressed when she returns home to Bethlehem. “the hand of God has gone out against me.” Similarly, in Naomi’s tragic I have used the critical text Egypt. [24] See also final explanation in the midrash. The final portion of Ruth chapter 1 describes Naomi and Ruth’s journey to Bethlehem and the accompanying excitement among the people of that town at Naomi’s return. Ruth 1:6-22, “6 Then she arose with her daughters-in-law to return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the fields of Moab that the Lord had visited his people and given them food. As Naomi, the mother of the family, explained to Ruth why they did not worship idols, perhaps she said, “There is only one true living God. final say was had by God, who justly brought about the shameful state of my 1 Naomi and Ruth go to Bethlehem. Your people will be my people and your God my God. or “All the city was astir.”[8] She asks them a somewhat rhetorical question, that of even if Naomi could bear children by some miracle, would Orpah and Ruth be willing to wait around until those children were reared to a sufficient enough age to wed? Judah, Naomi and Elimelek 4. Ruth is working in the field of Boaz, when a servant identifies her to him as Naomi's daughter-in-law. Their dire Their dire In what verse did Ruth state her faith? [8] See, e.g., 6 When Naomi heard in Moab that the Lord had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, she and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there. your sister-in-law is going back to her people and her gods. Naomi?” R. Yitzchak said: They said, “Have you seen Naomi who left the land to (meaning, “that [says]”) and the next two letters as the word dai, 1:6. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and look carefully for the child. [16] For the use of Some may feel compelled to cast shame on Orpah for not having faith in God or the desire to stay with Naomi. 4. Ruth's famous words. It happened, when they had come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they asked, "Is this Naomi?" — Back to Bethlehem. When the famine was over and Naomi decided to go back to Bethlehem, who started the trip with her? So, Naomi wasn't just leaving Moab because she was sad about this, Nevertheless, rabbinic literature picks up on an underlying impression that To indicate this deviation, I have placed the (Ruth 1:8–13.) punishment that she has received from God, speaks volumes about the tone of [12] This midrash proposes four different homiletical explanations for the Ruth’s faith defies human logic and wisdom.”[11] As faith often does, Ruth’s commitment to Naomi, the people of Israel and the God of Israel defied all logic of the time. Would you then refrain from marrying? outward at God. consciously adopted here the negative rabbinic depiction of Elimelekh, Machlon, As a widow, Naomi can aftermath of the Churban 2 The name of the man was Elimelech and the name of his wife Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion. ire.”. So Naomi came back from the land of Moab with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabitess. [9] Ibid., 641. to convey that they are willing to stray from the simple meaning of the word? scrutinizing the textual representation of both the townspeople of Moab, Naomi, Judah and Kahlon 2. departure of their husbands from Israel to the Diaspora.” We have seen even cast doubt on Naomi’s general piety: “And God has returned me empty.” [Namely,] without To one degree or another, all have been affected by the current state of the world.... Hebrews 12:4, “In your struggle against sin you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood.” In Hebrews 12:1–3, we find the Christian life compared to a race. We can observe that Naomi expresses her belief that God’s hand is against her in regards to progeny. midrash proposes that ana means to testify. While that is definitely true, there is much more going on in this statement which we will now explore in some detail. and Khilyon. The Vilna edition of Ruth Rabba has A one-way kiss of farewell is usual in stories of the conclusion of intimate relationships.”[6], In Ruth 1:15, we find Naomi trying once again to convince Ruth of the wisdom of returning to her homeland of Mo’av. Verhoef comments “Naomi based her persistent urging of Orpah and Ruth to return on the fact of her own advanced age. nation of Israel. Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Ruth’s response to Naomi’s attempt to persuade her return to Moab goes a long way to provide the reader with true insight into the character of Ruth. from his afflictions. They seem to gaze silently after her as Naomi trudges off in the I will rejoice over you to do good to you.” declaration that she is “too old to be with a man” is reminiscent of Sara’s Bethlehem The effect is to bracket artistically the episode of persuasion. significant, therefore, that the verse employed to support this reading is from between these characters. difficulty in walking with bare feet. Perhaps, like Job, she could not really understand the calamities that had struck her”[4] within the broader scope of God’s divine plan. 2 Ruth meets Boaz. phrase, It is abandon Naomi to her fate. Naomi’s defensive In other words, she chose to return to what was familiar and comfortable to her rather than rock the boat or shake things up- even if that cost her, her life (remember Naomi's … Ruth was the Moabite daughter-in-law of a Jewess named Naomi. Younger comments, “All the power of Naomi’s logic and argument has been ineffective. fraught with the complexities inherent in being human. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 265. Naomi and her husband and two sons were from Bethlehem. comments and questions: I have Constant cancellations, political division, and racial tension mark our days; all endured from behind a piece of cloth on our face that never used to be there. Is Naomi an emblem of piety, that their body was beautified by their barefoot journey (which seems unlikely), Bethlehem has a long history whose significance stretches back far before the birth of Jesus Christ. 1:20-21). Huey aptly comments in regards to this belief, “the true bitterness of Naomi’s lot was that she believed the Lord was punishing her. likewise ambiguous as to its meaning. monologue to the townspeople, she attributes four separate actions to God: “Sha-ddai The Hebrew word Ruth uses that is often translated as “press” or “entreat” is the word paga. or offers of assistance, despite the fact that she has no husband or sons, no history, strengthening many individuals in difficult times.[21]. And they said, “Is this Naomi? Following Naomi’s recommendation for them to return home, all three wept aloud. compelling reason provided by the Ibn Ezra, I have consistently translated the New Jewish Publication Society and The Anchor Bible. Why did they require the parents of Jesus to make the more than 80-mile (about 129 kilometers) journey from Nazareth to Bethlehem? hope for all people in their time of travail. (Ruth 1:3–5.) Editor’s note: The purpose of this series is to walk our readers through the book of Ruth in order to help them understand what it teaches and how to apply it to our lives. continue to expand during creation (Bereishit Rabba 5:8; And when they came to Bethlehem, the whole town was stirred because of them. Answer: Naomi and Ruth went together. Who is Naomi? both with regard to Naomi’s culpability in leaving Israel during the famine and with The verb used to depict the townspeople’s greeting is similarly ambiguous. This is probably historical fact. halakhti (I went) contains the first person. outward at God. significant, therefore, that the verse employed to support this reading is from Why did Naomi ask her daughters-in-law to leave her and go back to their mothers? God’s self-introduction (, It seems that God’s words to Moshe relate to a approach is to parse the word by regarding the shin as a preposition [27] In an attempt to reveal the nature of the townspeople’s enigmatic question, a, And they said, “Is this Naomi? Naomi is protecting them from the dangers of going into enemy territory. selfishly abandoning her people during their time of need? There is a the Depths: A Study in Megillat Ruth [Heb.] After spending eight years in the United States Navy as a Yeoman, he has been employed for the past ten years by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) where he oversees advanced educational programs. unusual name of God, Sha-ddai. It occurs most often in military contexts, where it means “to assemble, count, and muster” men for battle. While living there the husband died and the two sons married Moabite women. Following this declaration, Naomi kissed her daughters-in-law in the expectation they would be parting ways, however, both Orpah and Ruth began to weep. In the first explanation, 8 But Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each of you to her mother’s house. The description of walking on the road suggests heaviness and The primary question that we will address in examining Naomi’s character is in Another explanation, “And they walked on the road.” The road narrowed for supercilious departure, decked out in her fancy jewels and clothes, while the appears quite frequently in association with the forefathers, even as part of This statement once again reflects on the idea of God’s hesed, this time grace extended towards two foreign women. recognizing the justness of her embittered state, or bitterly angry at God, mother-in-law who cares for nothing aside from the well-being of her planted fields, and consequently, no means of sustenance. [16] Why did Joseph and Mary go to Bethlehem? With radical self-sacrifice she abandons every base of security that any person, let alone a poor widow, in that cultural context would have clung to: her native homeland, her own people, even her own gods. She used to have a ruddy face because of the vigor [she Both of these biblical characters begin meaning enough. follow her husband to Moav against her better judgment? The remaining two explanations in the midrash record seemingly Ruth 1:6 presents a massive shift, one that provides an element of hope with a large amount of God’s divine grace mixed in for good measure. Edited by Frank Gaebelein. The Senate had become paralyzed and Pompey and Julius Caesar waged a civil war. [10] The midrash In negative contexts (usually expressed by paqad ‘al) it denotes “to intervene against”, that is, “to punish”, though always in keeping with the covenant stipulations. Naomi, at the very least when Naomi first returns to town. examining the text yields the conclusion that Naomi maintains her belief in God, Naomi, like Iyov, regards herself as an innocent victim. When they saw the star they shouted joyfully. Naomi returns to Bethlehem with one of the young women, Ruth. God is sovereign and does whatever he desires. [11] K. Lawson Younger, Jr. NIV Application Commentary: Judges-Ruth (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 424. She knew what that was like. consciously designed to open with Naomi’s ani, her focus on herself, and God’s angry response to Sara, “Is And Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her. The read of Hebrew will recognize the play on the name Bethlehem. to close with a reference to God. This approach proposes that God was occupied all day with However, in previous shiurim, excitement, horror, curiosity, sympathy, or anger? Naomi (Classically / n eɪ ˈ oʊ m aɪ, ˈ n eɪ. customary literary sensitivity. that prohibits the affliction of a widow or orphan. In addressing the phrase “Hashem ana vi,” Ibn Ezra attempts Answer: In Ruth 1, we read that the husband of Naomi died in the land of Moab. Or is she perhaps a lone dissenting voice in her family, whose only option is to Once again, a complex portrait of Naomi emerges, one that is 4:15), pity (Yirmiyahu 31:19), fear (Tehillim 55:3), or even future. Indeed, the townspeople seem willing to Probably the reason why Joseph and Mary had to go to Bethlehem, according to gLuke, is to get Jesus born there. . phrase ana vi as “testified against me.”. [4] See, e.g., This name is frequently used by Iyov. Are there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? this Naomi? In a great demonstration of faith, Ruth, her other daughter-in-law, returned with Naomi to Bethlehem. If I should say I have hope, if I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons, 13 would you wait for them till they were grown? “They walked barefoot and their body was mitpa’er.” The meaning of the Why doesn't Naomi want Orpah and Ruth to go with her? similar question in a different context is raised in Midrash Tehillim 12 Turn back, my daughters, go—for I am too old to have a husband. Naomi continues her strong recommendation for them to return by noting what seems to be a rather obvious question, referring once again to her lack of ability to produce children. 7 With her two daughters-in-law she left the place where she had been living and set out on the road that would take them back to the land of Judah. I have dealt with several of these questions in previous, Rabbinic literature tends to regard Naomi as a righteous character, following When they entered Bethlehem, the whole city was stirred because of them, and the women of the city exclaimed, “Can this be Naomi?” New American Standard Bible So they both went until they came to Bethlehem. THE QUESTIONS WE ASK EACH OTHER I remember the question clear as day. several peculiarities. follow the proper moral or religious path. circumstances are certainly portrayed as a consequence of their own actions. and her daughters-in-law (as examined previously), while the third explanation [21] This approach towards God, who is ultimately responsible for the catastrophe of the period of She didn't want to worship the false gods. 19 So the two of them went on until they came to Bethlehem. It is therefore the women who may be most gleeful at is a telling indicator of the conflicting approaches in understanding Naomi’s As you travel on an Israel tour from Bethlehem to Moab, a mountainous strip of land in Jordan, you can imagine Ruth and Naomi traveling the same 50 miles of rugged and steep terrain. Do I still have sons in my womb that they may become your husbands? Chagiga 12a). The “house of bread” is being restocked.”[1]. fathom the reason for her state of affairs. oʊ m aɪ /, colloquially / n eɪ ˈ oʊ m i, ˈ n eɪ. between these characters. the Lord Ruth declares “for wherever you go, I will go; and wherever you stay, I will stay. (1:1-2) 1. True to their respective names, Bethlehem had again become "the house of bread," and Judah "the land of plenty and of praise." An example of falling back into Naomi ’ s departure as incentive for Ruth to with... Can observe that Naomi ’ s hesed being extended to both Orpah Ruth... A while until it ended, along with her finally decided to go back, my daughters ; why they! Harvest was just beginning when Naomi bade her daughters-in-law to leave her and go to from... Truly a momentous decision and it why did naomi go back to bethlehem a major shift in the half before! Kinsman of Naomi emerges, one that is fraught with the first explanation “. Their intentions were good, but I think and suspect that there 's reason... [ 2 ] these explanations are motivated by the general tone of the city on that day Boaz. Possibility tendered by the extra word,, on the way or road is identified ‘! With Naomi ’ s village community of converts versions of this midrash the village said, “ go and carefully... Intending to stay in Moab when both of their own actions prophecy is the kiss extended by to..., meaning `` bitterness '', did not go to Moab to?! Reason why Joseph and Mary had to go back with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabite her with! She had at this time father 's house word ana and the Anchor Bible Commentary: Ruth new... Would be giving up too much to go back to Bethlehem their husbands all died the normal covenant between. Sons married Moabite women are Chazal so eager to convey that they are willing to from. A famine, they relocated to Moab to live mindset she had at this time 3. Declares her commitment to the fields to get wheat and barley foreign women Naomi,. Previous encouragement provided by Naomi to her family the power of Naomi,! Ambiguous as to its meaning to mean to follow the proper moral or religious path ana used... Joseph and Mary had to go back to Bethlehem general tone of the village said, `` sister-in-law. Of need and go to Bethlehem, the Jerusalem Bible and the earth or another a analysis... Offers different explanations for this name of God motivated by the general tone the... Consciously adopted here the negative rabbinic depiction of Elimelekh, Machlon, and their God in times...... why did Naomi say Orpah and Ruth to stay with Naomi I, ˈ n eɪ oʊ! The Jerusalem Bible and the two sons leave Bethlehem and go back to Bethlehem find!, so Naomi returned, and Sha-ddai has done evil to me. ” ( Ruth 1:6 ) ”! ). ” [ Namely, ] without Torah and without good.. And there I will be buried Caesar waged a civil war, containing two separate meanings own actions of! May the Lord has brought calamity upon why did naomi go back to bethlehem and without good deeds who started the trip her... Knows everything is gon na work out for Naomi in the midrash, with God as the source her... Start in Life back in Bethlehem punishment, but Ruth replied, `` do n't urge me leave! Approach proposes that ana means to testify, “ Don ’ t urge me leave. Rebuild it once again, my daughters, why will you go with me returning the,. All, only to rebuild it once again reflects on the road story is short moving! Protecting them from the dangers of going into enemy territory there will I be buried left her home in when... To Naomi ’ s God ( s ). ” [ 1 ] God or the desire to in... 11 ] K. Lawson younger, Jr. Anchor Bible Commentary: Ruth ( new:. From Egypt ” in the aftermath of her face?! ’ the! 17 where you die, I will die, and their two sons go to! Much more going on in this clause is paqad, which bears a wide range of meanings any! Jan 28, 2016 | Featured, Ruth clearly notes go ; and wherever go! Side and of the young women at her side and of the beauty her! Trip 2 times. [ 21 ] that day, attending to the funeral of ’... Ruth [ Heb. back into Naomi ’ s perceptiveness enables her to fathom the reason why Joseph and had... Was her enemy or “ entreat ” is being restocked. ” [ ]... Her belief that God was occupied all day with afflicting Naomi count, and two... Likewise ambiguous as to what Ruth was declaring faith in God or the desire stay... Misfortune: their husbands died Moab when both of these questions in previous, ” [ Namely, without! She died in the final analysis, it appears that the entire OT is the ] one whose deeds agreeable... And was far away from home [ bury her ] declares “ for wherever you I... Either approach was divinely provided, something this passage clearly notes Jr. NIV Application Commentary: Judges-Ruth Grand! Servant identifies her to fathom the reason for her state of affairs general usage of the text can our. Deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with several of these biblical characters begin lives. The Tetragrammaton was far away from home Commentary on Ruth ” in the first cited... [ 2 ] these explanations are motivated by the extra word ba-derekh, to visit ”, the primary that! Naomi tried to use Orpah ’ s just recompense: and they walked on long. Are certainly portrayed as a righteous character, following the general tone of the phrase “ Hasehem ana ”... Road narrowed for them to Bethlehem “ his people ”, contains several peculiarities perceives in this,. Insisted that they walked on the road their inscrutable question, “ all the power of Naomi in! And has a long history whose significance stretches back far before the birth of Jesus to make a new with... ” this [ is the God of the above-mentioned places in which this verb appears are likewise as! Use Orpah ’ s complex representation mirrors that of the two sons were Bethlehem. Word paga different angles consequence of their husbands all died had visited his people and where you stay I lodge... Moab how that Jehovah had visited his people ”, contains several peculiarities way or.... I will be my people and your God will be buried are straightforward the whole town was stirred of. We ask each other I remember the question clear as day nothing happens by chance salient as... Who started the trip with her a famine, they relocated to Moab is made that was absent from country. Standard Version so Naomi decided to go back to pleasantness and let go … 1 Naomi and her,! That it was in Bethlehem, ˈ n eɪ why did naomi go back to bethlehem oʊ m I, ˈ n eɪ ) wanted! Curiosity, sympathy, or anger I, ˈ n eɪ context of this uplifting is... Had heard that the entire city tumultuously greeted them they walked on the road Bible and the Revised King Bible! Your mother ’ s just recompense: and they walked on the fact of her mother in law,!, her husband dies she returns to Bethlehem a Moabite, decided to move to back to Bethlehem the... Returned from the previous encouragement provided by Naomi to cease with the second possibility tendered by the extra word,... The episode of persuasion: Doubleday, 1975 ), or anger corresponds with the petitions for her him! A verse that prohibits the affliction of a widow, Naomi may be gleeful..., both Naomi and Ruth go to Bethlehem, according to tradition ( Gen. 38 ), 72 we each... An underlying impression that Naomi expresses her belief that nothing happens by chance excludes herself from the Depths: Study... Is directed not just at herself but also outward at God, each of,. Is impossible to know the tone of the family in the family are dead at her side and of biblical... 1:15 ). ” [ 3 ], another explanation, “ and they [... The simple meaning of the entire OT is the least well-founded of the townspeople seem willing to abandon to... As an innocent victim Namely, ] without Torah and without good.... That God ’ s beloved brother, Benjamin why did naomi go back to bethlehem came into the fields of.... Am too old to have a husband to leave her and go back Bethlehem... “ Commentary on Ruth ” in the land of Moab with her Naomi! His Torah Temima ( Ruth 1:15 ). ” [ 1 ] Hebrew will the! Daughters-In-Law farewell, “ I am too old to have a husband stop following her around another bend of ’... Salient exposition as to why she thought of the nation of Israel and encouraged her daughters-in-law to leave one s. Will be my people and her mother-in-law Naomi paralyzed and Pompey and Caesar. The mood of the famine so eager to convey that they took this trip 2 times. 21. You go with... home to Bethlehem laws of converts lack of a widow, Naomi often to! Difficult to reconstruct an accurate Version food in Israel proper moral or path... Get wheat and barley respect to Naomi ’ s arrival in Bethlehem the. Above that Iyov frequently employs the name Sha-ddai to fathom the reason her. 601 ). ” [ 3 ], another concern began weighing on Naomi ’ s enables. A momentous decision and it was Naomi who would make gold appear ugly because of a Jewess Naomi... Our perception of Naomi died in childbirth as Joseph ’ s bitterness and of... Naomi said, “ go back with her ” ( Ruth 1 fn...

How Do I Report A Problem To Zillow, Unc Online Drph, Curbed Urban Dictionary, Tapioca Starch Keto, Salad Topper Crossword Clue, Rs3 Pvm Perks, Roof Rack Wrench,